MARCH 21, 2014
When three-tiered car haulers packed with Mazda3s pulled out of the dusty Mexican rail yard here last month, they did more than mark Mazda’s return to North American manufacturing after pulling the plug on Michigan production in 2012. They represented the latest volley in a south-of-the-border blitz by Japanese automakers. Within four months, Nissan, Honda and Mazda have opened assembly plants in what is becoming one of the world’s hottest auto hubs. Mexico is on pace to become the world’s No. 1 auto exporting country to the U.S., thanks largely to the addition of 605,000 units of capacity by those three Japanese automakers, reports Automotive News (March 10, 2014).
Japanese manufacturers are poised for a new assault from Mexico because they can:
• Reap fatter margins from lower cost manufacturing, largely a function of cheaper labor.
• Avoid tariffs on car and truck imports into the United States.
• Mitigate exchange rate losses from yen-based Japanese exports.
• Improve product availability with a shorter pipeline to dealers.
With all this new Japanese capacity, Mexico will eclipse Canada and Japan as the No. 1 exporter to the U.S. next year. Labor and logistics savings are expected to be substantial compared with building cars in Japan and shipping them across the Pacific Ocean. Mexican labor costs are 1/9th those in the U.S. But any savings are initially offset by the upfront costs of the new factories. Honda, for example, sank $1.2 billion into its assembly plant and a new transmission line. And successfully building an export hub in Mexico means developing a network of high-quality local suppliers.
This post provided courtesy of Jay and Barry’s OM Blog at www.heizerrenderom.wordpress.com. Professors Jay Heizer and Barry Render are authors of Operations Management , the world’s top selling textbook in its field, published by Pearson.